For example, the Kanto region, which includes Tokyo, and the Kansai region, which includes Osaka, offer striking contrasts in everything from the taste of food to the style of traditional performing arts, and people have fun comparing them. The plan was narrowly defeated in a referendumthough a second referendum is currently planned for autumn The central government wanted to have greater control over all local governments due to Japan's deteriorating position in World War II — for example, all mayors in the country became appointive as in the Meiji era — and over Tokyo in particular, due to the possibility of emergency in the metropolis.
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The chilly climate makes it the ideal destination for people who enjoy the winter season. Japan has a population of million.
Each region has its own dialect, customs, and unique traditional culture. Other major cities fulfill roles as the lisg, economic, and cultural hubs of their respective regions. All other cities, towns and villages in Tokyo stayed cities, towns and villages in Tokyo. Although there were initially over prefectures, many of them being former han territories, this was reduced to 72 in the latter part ofand 47 in Those fiefs were headed by a local warlord or family.
Today, since the special wards have almost the same degree of independence as Japanese cities, the difference in administration between Tokyo and other prefectures is fairly minor.
Administratively, today's special wards are almost indistinguishable from other municipalities. Before World War II, different laws applied to fu and ken, but this distinction was abolished after the war, and the two types of prefecture are now functionally the same. For example, the Tokyo Fire Department which was only responsible for the 23 special wards until has until today taken over the municipal fire departments in almost all of Tokyo. Tokyo also is the center of otaku culture in Akihabara with a plethora of gamesanimeand electronics shops; while the Harajuku and Shibuya districts are known worldwide for their contributions to fashion and kawaii cute culture.
Those regions are not formally specified, they do not have elected officials, nor are they corporate bodies. Its original sense in Portuguese, however, was closer to " municipality " than " province ". But it was not until the year that the special wards were fully recognized as municipal-level entities.
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The Classical Chinese character from which this is derived carries a rural or provincial connotation, and an analogous character is used to refer to the counties of Chinacounties of Taiwan and districts of Vietnam. InPrime Minister Junichiro Koizumi proposed that the government consolidate the current prefectures into about 10 regional stwtes so-called doshusei.
On the basis of geographical and historical background, these prefectures can be divided into eight regions: Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kinki, Chugoku, Shikoku, and Kyushu-Okinawa. Athletic types can visit the Sapporo Winter Sports Museumwhich showcases the legacy of the Winter Olympics, or they can hit the slopes, skiing or japab in one of the ski resorts near Sapporo.
The prefecture's government calls itself the "Hokkaido Government" rather than the "Hokkaido Prefectural Government". The yet unincorporated communities on the Izu ly part of Shizuoka and Ogasawara ly directly Home Ministry-administrated island groups became also part of Tokyo in the 19th century. Despite the differences in terminology, there is little functional difference between the four types of local governments.
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The reorganization's aim was to consolidate the administration of the area around the capital by eliminating the extra level of authority in Tokyo. Kanagawa is the city with the second largest population in Japan. Some of these restrictions were removed again over the decades. The Local Autonomy Law of gave more political power to prefectures, and installed prefectural governors and parliaments. After the war, Japan was forced to decentralize Tokyo again, following the general terms of democratization outlined in the Potsdam Declaration.
But, as part of the "reverse course" of the s some of these new rights listt removed, the most statees measure being the denial of directly elected mayors.
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As Tokyo city's suburbs grew rapidly in the early jaan century, many towns and villages in Tokyo were merged or promoted over the years. But the practice of ordering prefectures based on their geographic region is traditional. Although local government expenditure s for 70 statea of overall government expenditurethe central government controls local budgets, tax ratesand borrowing.
Their responsibilities include tasks delegated to them by the national government such as maintaining most ordinary national ro except in deated major citiesand prefectures coordinate and support their municipalities in their functions.
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Ij term was originally used to refer to Japanese regions consisting of several provinces e. The plan called for each region to have greater autonomy than existing prefectures. The capital city Tokyo, needless to say, is the hub of Japan. The Tokyo Metropolis is made up of 23 Special Wards, home to upwards of 35 million people.
Its current name is believed to originate from Matsuura Takeshiroan early Japanese explorer of the island. These subprefectures still exist today, although they have much less power than they possessed before and during World War II. They now exist primarily to handle paperwork and other bureaucratic functions. Though the fiefs have long since been dismantled, merged, and reorganized multiple times, and been granted legislative governance and oversight, the rough translation stuck.
The central government delegates many functions such jjapan education and the police force to the prefectures and municipalitiesbut retains the overall right to control them.
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Inthe department was dissolved, and Hokkaido became a full-fledged prefecture. Later, inthe government deated TokyoOsakaand Kyoto as fu, and relegated the other fu to the status of ken.
Infive complete districts with their 82 towns and villages were merged into Tokyo City and organized in 20 new wards. When the modern municipalities — [district-independent] cities and [rural] districts containing towns and villages — were introduced under the Yamagata - Mosse laws on local government and the simultaneous Great Meiji merger was performed inthe 15 -ku became wards of Tokyo Cityinitially Tokyo's only independent city -shithe six rural districts of Tokyo were consolidated in 85 towns and villages.
Visitors to Yokohama can take in a scenic harbor view via waterbus or atop the iconic Ferris wheel, as well as enjoy various museums and shopping opportunities. This process would reduce the of subprefecture administrative regions and cut administrative costs. The Classical Chinese character from which this is derived implies a core urban zone of national importance. Many of Tokyo's special governmental characteristics disappeared during this time, and the wards took on an increasingly municipal status in the decades following the surrender.
The postwar reforms also changed the map of Tokyo ificantly: Inthe 35 wards were reorganized into the sttates special wardsbecause many of its citizens had either died during the war, left the city, or been drafted and did not return. In Korea, this historical usage is still used today and was kept during the period of Japanese rule. Independently from these steps, as Tokyo's urban growth again took up pace during the postwar economic miracle and most of the main island part of Tokyo "Metropolis" became increasingly core part of the Tokyo metropolitan areamany of the other municipalities in Tokyo have transferred some of their authority to the Metropolitan government.
This was also a historical usage of the character in China. The city is the site of the famous Sapporo Snow Festivalan event held each February showcasing an array of marvelous ice jaan snow stated that is visited by about 2 million people each year!